ΑΝΑΦΟΡΑ ΤΟΥ ΑΜΕΡΙΚΑΝΙΚΟΥ ΥΠΕΞ

Επιλογή του ιστολόγιου

Tμήμα της αναφοράς ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων του αμερικανικού ΥΠΕΞ για την Ελλάδα

A number of citizens identified themselves as Turks, Pomaks (Slavic-speaking Muslims), Vlachs (a Balkan minority group speaking a dialect of Romanian), Roma, Arvanites (Orthodox Christians who speak a dialect of Albanian), or Macedonians.

 Some members of these groups sought to be identified officially as “minorities” or “linguistic minorities.” The government considers the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne as providing the exclusive definition of minorities in the country and defining their group rights. Accordingly, the government recognizes only a “Muslim minority.” Although the government does not confer official status on any indigenous ethnic group, nor recognize “ethnic minority” or “linguistic minority” as legal terms, it affirms an individual’s right of self-identification. However, many individuals who defined themselves as members of a “minority” found it difficult to express their identity freely and to maintain their culture. Use of the terms Tourkos and Tourkikos (“Turk” and “Turkish”) is prohibited in titles of organizations, although individuals legally may call themselves Tourkos. Associations with either term in their name were denied official recognition. To most ethnic Greeks, the words Tourkos and Tourkikos connote Turkish identity or loyalties, and many ethnic Greeks objected to their use by citizens of Turkish origin.

Pomak leaders filed a lawsuit against the local newspaper Millet (published in Turkish) for libel, calling for the newspaper to pay a total of 157,000 euros ($224,500) in damages to three different claimants. In April 2010 the Appeals Court of Thrace ordered the newspaper editors to pay a Pomak journalist 30,000 euros ($42,900) and a Christian researcher on Pomak issues 60,000 euros ($85,800). The then-head of the “Cultural Association of Pomaks” in Xanthi also sued the same newspaper for libel and was awaiting a court date. The newspaper owner responded he could not afford the compensation, and some claimants were considering additional legal options. A local Muslim mayor sued the same newspaper for libel. The case was heard in 2009 and the newspaper editor received a 15-month suspended sentence and was ordered to pay 4,000 euros ($5,720) compensation to the claimant. The editor appealed the decision and the appeal was pending. Thessaloniki media reported in 2008 that two editors of Millet received 12-month suspended sentences for inciting hatred against the Pomak community.

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